The research literature has presented several frameworks to conceptualize the different types of teams. They’ve been characterized based on different classifications, dimensions, and features. Below are some of the more popular examples:
Kozlowski, Gully, Nason, and Smith (1999)
- Process Emphasis
- Performance Demands
Sundstrom, McIntyre, Halfhill, and Richards (2000)
- Action and Performing
Hackman and Wageman (2005)
- “Surgical” teams
- Coaching Groups
- Face-to-Face Teams
- Virtual Teams
- “Sand Dune” Teams
Devine, D.J. (2002). A review and integration of classification systems relevant to teams in organizations. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 6, 291-310.
Hackman, J.R., & Wageman, R. (2005). When and how team leaders matter. Research in Organizational Behavior, 26, 37-74.
Kozlowski, S. W. J., Gully, S. M., Nason, E. R., & Smith, E. M. (1999). Developing adaptive teams: A theory of compilation and performance across levels and time. In D. R. Ilgen & E. D. Pulakos (Eds.), The changing nature of work performance: Implications for staffing, personnel actions, and development (pp. 240–292). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Sundstrom, E., McIntyre, M., Halfhill, T., & Richards, H. (2000). Work groups: From the Hawthorne studies to work teams of the 1990s and beyond. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4, 44-67.